Charcot Marie Tooth Atrophy

The photo is my foot after reconstruction.

This disease is named after three doctors who were able to describe it in 1886 – Jean Martin Charcot, Pierre Marie and Howard Henry Tooth.

It is hereditary caused by a mutation in chromosome 17 which causes defects in neuronal proteins. This disease damages nerves and also the myelin sheath (which surrounds the nerve). It effects 1 in 2,500 or approximately 2.8 million people.

Symptoms include: High foot arches; curled toes; foot drop; weakness in legs, ankles, feet; weakness in hands and arms; hearing loss. Extreme cases can effect eyes; speech; swallowing; and breathing.

Some people who have the CMT gene mutation have no symptoms at all.

There is no cure for CMT but researches are getting closer to a procedure to try to break the CMT continuing.

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